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Extraordinary blowing snow transport events in East Antarctica

first_imgIn the convergence slope/coastal areas of Antarctica,a large fraction of snow is continuously eroded andexported by wind to the atmosphere and into the ocean. Snowtransport observations from instruments and satellite imageswere acquired at the wind convergence zone of Terra NovaBay (East Antarctica) throughout 2006 and 2007. Snowtransport features are well-distinguished in satellite images and can extend vertically up to 200 m as first-order quantitatively estimated by driftometer sensor FlowCaptTM.Maximum snow transportation occurs in the fall and winterseasons. Snow transportation (drift/blowing) was recordedfor*80% of the time, and 20% of time recorded, the flux is[10-2 kg m-2 s-1 with particle density increasing withheight. Cumulative snow transportation is *4 orders ofmagnitude higher than snow precipitation at the site. Anincrease in wind speed and transportation (*30%) wasobserved in 2007, which is in agreement with a reduction inobserved snow accumulation. Extensive presence of ablationsurface (blue ice and wind crust) upwind and downwind ofthe measurement site suggest that the combine processes ofblowing snow sublimation and snow transport remove up to50% of the precipitation in the coastal and slope convergence area. These phenomena represent a major negative effect on the snow accumulation, and they are not sufficiently taken into account in studies of surface mass balance. The observed wind-driven ablation explains the inconsistency between atmospheric model precipitation and measured snow accumulation value.last_img read more

Forest Whitaker to Make B’way Debut in Eugene O’Neill’s Hughie

first_img View Comments Hughie Oscar winner Forest Whitaker is set to make his Broadway debut in the Eugene O’Neill classic Hughie. Directed by Tony winner Michael Grandage (who is currently rehearsing Nicole Kidman for her stage return in the West End’s Photograph 51), the revival will play a limited engagement in the spring of 2016 at a Shubert Theatre to be announced.Whitaker won an Oscar for The Last King of Scotland and has appeared in over fifty films including Fast Times at Ridgemont High, Platoon, Bird, The Color of Money, Ready to Wear, Smoke, Good Morning Vietnam, The Crying Game, Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai, Panic Room, Where The Wild Things Are, The Great Debaters, The Butler and Southpaw. Upcoming movie projects include Star Wars: Rogue One. As a director, Whitaker’s work includes HBO’s Strapped, Waiting to Exhale, Hope Floats and First Daughter. He studied opera and drama in college.Hughie is set in the lobby of a small midtown hotel on the West Side of Manhattan. Whitaker plays Erie Smith, a drunken, small time hustler who is mourning the recent death of the hotel’s night clerk, Hughie. Erie regales the new night clerk with tall-tales of his glory days and times spent with Hughie. The show premiered on Broadway in 1964 with Jason Robards in the role of “Erie” Smith; it was last seen on the Great White Way in 1996 in a production directed by and starring Al Pacino.Each designer of Hughie received a Tony for their work on Grandage’s Tony-winning production of Red. Sets and costumes will be by Christopher Oram, with lights by Neil Austin and sound by Adam Cork.Additional casting for the two-hander will be announced later. Related Shows Show Closed This production ended its run on March 27, 2016last_img read more

Letters to the Editor for Sunday, April 7

first_imgLet resource officers decide own protectionThe folks in Saratoga are engaged in a heated debate: Should school-resource-officers (SRO) carry firearms? The debate has been only yea-or-nay.Let’s compromise: The Board of Education authorizes the carrying of weapons. It implements a program of qualifying, recruiting and training that ensures well-trained employees. The object is to protect our children while avoiding accidents and/or mistakes. (There are myriad programs available.)The compromise: Let each SRO now decide whether to arm or not. Some may, some may not.We know SROs are there for only one reason: Our fear of an active shooter — a lunatic with a gun, intent on mass killing. SROs do not deal with unruly students or passing notes or fighting behind the bleachers. The most important thing? Deal with an active shooter.We’ve asked these individuals to put their lives on the line to protect our children. We’re asking them to face down an armed assailant. Would they rather do it by jumping up and down, waving their arms and shouting loudly or by being similarly equipped with a firearm? The Gazette has advocated for no firearms in schools. Let those risking their lives decide.I know what I would choose if it was my job. I know what I’d rather see if it was my child in the classroom. It would be interesting to see what the SROs themselves would choose.George NigrinyGlenvilleMore from The Daily Gazette:Cuomo calls for clarity on administering vaccineEDITORIAL: Find a way to get family members into nursing homesEDITORIAL: Beware of voter intimidationGov. Andrew Cuomo’s press conference for Sunday, Oct. 18EDITORIAL: Urgent: Today is the last day to complete the census Categories: Letters to the Editor, OpinionTrump fails to respect America’s freedomsMost people know Norman Rockwell’s iconic American paintings “The Four Freedoms” (1943) showing ordinary people enjoying the freedom and security in daily life that our country guarantees. President Donald Trump, however, does not uphold these historic American rights.Freedom from Want: Trump seeks to abolish the Affordable Care Act, even though there are more than 20 million Americans, and many more with pre-existing conditions, who before the ACA were uninsured and could not afford to get sick.Freedom from Fear: Trump pushes a massive wall at the Mexican border by provoking fear of invading hordes of dangerous criminals. But in fact, the immigrants are mostly asylum seekers who voluntarily enter into custody at normal border crossings, resigned to a prolonged legal wait for a fair hearing.Freedom of Worship: Trump has moved to block entry into the United States by people from selected, predominately Muslim countries. And the ambiguity of his words after the Charlottesville violence has helped to unleash an upsurge in anti-Semitic violence.Freedom of Speech: Trump’s statement following the Mueller investigation labels support of the investigation “treason.” But dissent without fear of retaliation in this country is enshrined in the First Amendment, and for Trump to call it treason is horrific.So as measured by “The Four Freedoms,” President Trump shows a blatant disregard for sacred American principles. He breaks the presidential oath of office whereby he swore “to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”David GerhanRotterdam Church must step up on St. Clare’s pensionKudos to The Gazette for its insightful March 31 editorial regarding the St. Clare’s Pension Fund debacle. As an active, practicing Catholic, I’m embarrassed at the diocese’s handling of the entire situation. There is plenty of shame to go around. Shame on St. Clare’s for underfunding its pension program for so many years. Shame on Ellis for not making some provision to invest in the pensions of the St. Clare’s employees who would spend a considerable portion of their careers serving the Ellis community. And, finally, uber-shame on the diocese for not stepping up to the plate, especially in light of what the New York State Legislature has offered to provide.In view of the scandals the church faces on other fronts, you would think that a reasoned and rational leadership would understand one of the most basic maxims of relating with the public: Perception becomes reality.Instead of pointing fingers and seeking at every turn to explain in legal terms why the diocese has no fiduciary responsibility for the St. Clare’s Pension Fund, the diocese needs to take ownership as the shepherd takes care of his flock. Appeals and collections that fund far-off lands and macro causes seem hypocritical when we refuse to take care of our own. Frank J. CiervoNiskayunalast_img read more